The following three overarching principles associated with ensuring cost effective construction reflect the need to accurately define costs, benefits, and basic economic assumptions. The most prevalent building method use in one area known as lekgopung is earth blocks with an earth and dung plaster and a corrugated iron roof. Effective time management and its importance for construction projects. Recommended practices for safety and health programs in. Factors affecting construction cost estimation of building. Sustainability, modern layout and incorporation with natural elements are some of the essential parts of a building design. Origins in management of school building costs in the uk similarity in the distribution of costs among the various elements. Otim, nakacwa and kyakula 367 cost control techniques used on building construction sites in uganda george otim1, fiona nakacwa2, michael kyakula3 1phd student, faculty of technology, makerere university, p. Thus, the desire for better living was one of the major motivations for humans to develop advanced construction techniques. Low cost construction technologies it is found that cost effective and alternative construction technologies, which apart from reducing construction cost by the reduction of quantity of building materials through improved and innovative techniques, can play a great role in providing better housing methods and protecting the environment. Thus, the education and training core element supports the worker. This house will have all the advantages of a concrete block construction without the costs.
Cost control techniques were identified as a tool of reducing cost overrun. Traditional construction methods were more cost effective than conventional methods in rural areas. Study of cost control techniques used in construction industry and their impact to minimize cost overrun a. May 31, 2017 this video brings to you 12 most affordable ways to reduce the cost of building a new house on a budget. Cost effectiveness of using low cost housing technologies in. The housing is so impacted with the cost based construction. Cost estimation is not only getting the estimates right but managing changes to the quality and. Cost control techniques used on building construction sites. Effective techniques in cost optimization of construction.
Cost minimization in building construction is discussed with examples on building projects in west africa and the middle east. The additional benefit is that a sustainable building is a costeffective building when constructed properly. The methods of using low cost housing techniques in india. First and foremost, as soon as you go two stories, about 20% of your total floor area is dedicated to the access between levels. In other words, construction is a history of mankinds making many mistakes and overcoming past failures in the process of conquering the harsh nature. Low cost housing or building is a concept of innovative ideas of budgeting efficiently instead of degrading the quality of. Speedy and low cost housing construction techniques for rural. The important need and everyones dream to have there own home with individual needs. Since india is a developing country, the economy haves importance. As more green codes and standards are being adopted, using cfs framing in your next midrise project will help you meet the highest sustainability standards. Cost effective construction techniques, material and different management strategies during the execution of project plays important role in saving time as well as cost of construction. Cost estimating and cost management tools continue to be developed and will be added to the departments estimating tool box as they become available. Use of costeffective construction technologies in india. Costeffective building materials and construction technologies research and development bodies in india are central building research institute cbri, structural engineering research centre serc, centre for application of science and technology to rural areas castra, regional research laboratories rrl, national environmental engineering.
Low cost housing is a different concept which deals with effective costing and following of techniques which help in reducing the cost construction through the use of faraway available materials. Feb 14, 2017 cost effective building materials and construction technologies research and development bodies in india are central building research institute cbri, structural engineering research centre serc, centre for application of science and technology to rural areas castra, regional research laboratories rrl, national environmental engineering. A manual is required that offers guidelines on the design and construction of low cost structures that use local resources. Author discuss about the some effective technologies in india with their features and advantages. One additional important thing not mentioned in this article that can help provide some additional construction cost savings is to use a wellqualified, licensed, reputable general contractor on your house. Affordable housing mainly deals with effective costing and following of sustainable building techniques which helps in reducing the cost of construction without sacrificing the strength. The strategies mentioned above for a cost effective house construction process are well worth the time and effort to make them happen. This building board uses sugarcane bagasse and pvc as binder 10. Use of costeffective construction technologies in india to. The consultant quantity surveyors perspective, dublin institute of technology. Green building emphasizes the importance of environmentally friendly building techniques, which obviously includes energy efficient construction. Cost control techniques were identified as a tool of. Study of cost control techniques used in construction. Low cost building materials for low cost housing construction.
Reducing street widths and sidewalks lowered paving costs by 49 percent. Where design and construction overlap, cost planning might run into the construction phase of. Cost control techniques used on building construction. Thus, cost reduction techniques assures best cost, value will be obtained over life cycle. This provides a strong starting point for a search for cost effective acceptable building.
Below are mentioned some of the techniques through which the overall cost of the business can be controlled and maintained within the required limits. Sep 24, 2012 cost effective construction techniques 1. Key words construction cost increase, bid price, value engineering 18. Thus there is a need for adoption of ecostructures that are in harmony with the surroundings and does not affect the environment neither through building materials or construction methods. The first step to low cost building material selection is to select ecofriendly building materials. Low cost housing, building materials, sustainability. Construction industry could be considered as a very important sector for development all over.
This video brings to you 12 most affordable ways to reduce the cost of building a new house on a budget. Sustainable and low cost is now a trend in architecture, there are many of the projects which are truly based on low cost techniques which was used by sir ar. This also enhances the sustainable design principle. Construction related environment due diligence triggers and general cumulative impacts 163 a. India is the developing country having only 20% population of higher. Low cost housing or building is a concept of innovative ideas of budgeting efficiently instead of degrading the quality of material you have been using.
Lowcost housing or lch is slowly getting high on the agenda of developers. There is no universal method of cost planning which can be readily applied to every type of building project. So, there are various cost effective techniques of construction. Nilanjan sengupta january 2008 as per the author the cost effective construction technologies are useful and beneficial from both in terms of cost and environment. Technologies and designs for cost effective housing rural. Cost reduction through cost effective construction techniques. Benviolent chigara,tirivavi moyo, fungai mudzengerere 20 5 they made the research for the cost management strategies employed by contractor on building projects. Sustainability has become the most important issue concerning the construction industry in the 21st century. Low cost construction technologies it is found that costeffective and alternative construction technologies, which apart from reducing construction cost by the reduction of quantity of building materials through improved and innovative techniques, can play a great role in providing better housing methods and protecting the environment. The costeffective construction technologies would emerge. General cumulative impacts during construction, operations and maintenance phase 163 b. The cost effective building technology and communitys participation in designing social housing project as a package is the major component of affordable housing. Some of them are, prices fluctuation of raw materials, mode of financing and.
Low cost housing construction techniques and its speedy. Buildings have widely varying characteristics, perform a diversity of functions, serve the needs of a variety of building clients, and their erection is subject to a number of different administrative and contractual arrangements. The following three overarching principles associated with ensuring costeffective construction reflect the need to accurately define. Pdf effective time management and its importance for. Survey results show that most of the contractors are generally aware about the cost control techniques that are available in construction industry purposes but the proper usages of those techniques areminimum. Low cost house is a new concept which deals with effective budgeting and use of techniques which help in reducing the cost of construction by the use. Modern methods of construction mmc and market size in different construction sectors, identifying positive and negative factors influencing takeup. Thus, cost reduction techniques assures best cost, value will be obtained over life cycle of the building or structure. It specifically looked at problems faced by the contractors in controlling the costs on site, studied the cost control techniques commonly used by the contractors during the construction stage and proposed remedies to be used by contractors on sites to control their costs. Cost planning theories and techniques springerlink. Evaluation of ways and procedures to reduce construction. The life cycle of a building is pre building, building and post building stages. The resulted in the portuguese started off by building churches, converts and palatial mansions.
Construction techniques in various kinds of major infrastructures together with their. Cost effectiveness of using low cost housing technologies. Factors affecting construction cost estimation of building projects shabniya v m tech scholar,department of civil engineering,mes college of engineering, kuttippuram, malappuram, kerala, india abstract. Rwanda can construct a simple, efficient, costeffective house. This embodied energy is a crucial factor for sustainable construction practices and effective reduction of the same would contribute in mitigating global warming. Identification of design objectives and budget helps in making the project successful. Some of the most affordable ways to reduce the cost of building a new house on a budget. Evaluation of ways and procedures to reduce construction cost.
This brought about a whole new perspective in the scale factor of the local. Managing a business has containing cost of utmost importance. The strategies mentioned above for a costeffective house construction process are well worth the time and effort to make them happen. Inzu yubatswe ku buryo buciriritse igitabo cyimyubakire. Please note that while cost estimating in support of designbidbuild projects is covered in depth in this manual, there are certain other conditions, such as designbuild project delivery. Alternate and low cost construction material and techniques. The results from a delphi study show that the cost reduction methods both on a project or program level could be used to reduce or contain the cost of highway construction. Laurie baker and some architects still working on it. Modern methods of construction full modular building institute. Where design and construction overlap, cost planning might run into the construction phase of a project. Rwanda can construct a simple, efficient, cost effective house. This technique is effective especially for low to midrise buildings. The cost effective construction technologies would emerge.
This is one of the methods that help in streamlining the business. Monitoring during construction, operations and maintenance phases 165. Selection of low cost building materials for low cost housing. There are alternative construction methods that take less time and cost for building lowcost housing and that the. To achieve good results, however, some new construction techniques must be learned, and this manual will teach you how to do them. Alternate and low cost construction material and techniques prof. On design and build projects it is a tool that can be used by the contractor to control design development against the contract sum. Some of the most affordable ways to reduce the cost of building a. Alternately, what is the cost of a building integrated photovoltaic system bipv, given that it may replace a conventional roof. Nov 18, 2016 alternately, what is the cost of a building integrated photovoltaic system bipv, given that it may replace a conventional roof. There are alternative construction methods that take less time and cost for building low cost housing and that the lack of awareness regarding alternative construction.
Building the new tunnels and stations would require excavating more than 6. In construction, what is the most costefficient building. Study is to lighten up the latest techniques which they used in their projects, and his principles and selection of. Pdf cost effective and innovative housing technology. Green building is essentially an umbrella that encompasses any energy efficient building method or practice and everything discussed in this chapter is a component of the green building.167 960 91 1018 146 1435 684 1517 892 868 1054 154 1465 1423 933 992 62 440 601 222 1490 112 1167 876 539 356 80 526 1231 1433 211 1475 649